3 Important Trading Tips and Tricks

In today’s article I would like to wrap up all the important things I have learned in trading in the last decade. So let’s get to it!

1. Risk management and positive RRR

We started to work on our private fund and application with our team three years ago. At the beginning, we asked ourselves one fundamental question: “How can we shift risk management to a really high and sophisticated level?” Please take notice of the fact that our first steps towards working on our own fund weren’t about which broker to use, what server to have, or what strategies we should use. All these questions wouldn’t be significant unless we understood that the base for successful trading is mainly a high-quality risk and portfolio management.

The edge in the market doesn’t last forever. Strategies fail in time (even though some may work for years), markets change faster than they ever did before, and drawdowns were, are, and always will be present. Therefore, the question is – what is the best way to deal with that? These are all aspects that need to be resolved on a risk-management level and not on the level of brokers, servers, and strategies.

From my point of view, the most important thing is to create a concept of how to look at money management as a whole. Our elemental approach is based on the philosophy that each strategy in a portfolio is like a single employee in a large firm. And the point of managing such a firm isn’t based on the fact that each employee should receive the same part of the firm’s resources (same percentage of capital), but each employee should have dynamically allocated resources based on how they are doing; how effective they are, and how they are contributing to the firm as a whole. Therefore, our risk management is based on a very dynamic real-time evaluation of actual effectivity of all the “employees”. That means, not only from a point of view of their singular effectivity, but also from the viewpoint of their functionality as a whole. Based on such evaluation, different resources are allocated dynamically to each “employee” in time.

Simultaneously, it is important to take into account all the firm’s resources as a whole (we can look at it as a cash flow) and such resources are also globally increased or decreased based on how the firm is doing as a whole.

In such a model of management, it is important to consider many different aspects, from analysing the quality of each trade, the distribution of the latest ones, as well as of all existing trades through different analysis of equity, volatility, and current quality of markets. The model is therefore very dynamic and literally it can change every minute the distribution of resources to each “employee” and also the whole firm. Naturally, I won’t give out any more details about this subject.

The point for which I am writing this is very simple: It is really important to have a clear idea of how to manage the capital. You don’t need sophisticated models if you don’t plan to manage big money, but if you are a small “ordinary” trader you have to know what percentage of the capital you risk per trade. If such risk makes sense from the point of the Monte Carlo analysis (and maximum possible Monte Carlo drawdown) and also to have a specific plan on when and how to increase or decrease the amount of contracts, and how to deal with strategies and patterns that currently have a bad period (such strategies shouldn’t receive the same resources as those that are doing well).

I strongly suggest to trade with positive RRR. From my personal experience – it is easy to find a beautiful, smooth equity with negative or RRR 1:1, but later on commissions and slippage come in and cards radically change in your disadvantage.

Also, I suggest a book called “Definite to Position Sizing”, which I used to get inspiration for my fund.

2. Regular maintenance and adaptation

From the experience I have gained over last few years – whatever edge in the market you have, whatever approach and trading path you have, your edge will need occasional changes, updates, and maintenance (even if you trade discretionary).

Some changes are changes in stop-loss and exits (better adaptation to new volatility); sometimes it is regular optimization; sometimes small changes in a fundamental idea of the edge. Occasionally, some of this work will be done by auto-adaptive requirements and algorithms on your behalf. But even so, some different levels of regular maintenance will be needed.

A definite edge that you could trade without any changes constantly doesn’t exist. Markets are changing too quickly and therefore it is necessary to make adequate changes in parallel. Occasionally, it is necessary to change the composition of the portfolio; occasionally to change a market or timeframe, or to change the amount of positions thanks to the ever-changing volatility. These are all things that come with experience and are very important.

If you would look at this from a different angle – it is like in any other profession in life. Whatever you do, new trends, new tools, new requirements are constantly coming in and we need to learn to adapt. If we don’t, we can’t become successful in anything in this dynamic world (not even in trading).

The good thing is that it isn’t as bad as it may look. Simply put, it is important to trade and gain experience, to reconcile that we will never be perfect and occasionally we will make mistakes – to learn from them. The more as we trade, the simpler it will be to make a decision about occasional changes to be able to adapt. Not always will our decisions be correct, but that’s how it is in life (if we are reasonably diversified, the occasional wrong decisions will be balanced by series of good decisions. In our fund we are dealing with volatility a lot and on many different levels; from regular optimizations of systems to proprietary auto-adaptive algorithms and indicators, up to concepts working with adaptability on the level of the whole portfolio.

The necessity to know how to adapt is an elemental part of survival in life. This is actually great news because it means that in our genes there is everything necessary for us to adapt. We just need to learn how to use it.

3. Learning is a never-ending process

The previous paragraph leads to the last important point which I need to discuss here – learning is a never-ending process. Trading is a lifestyle, it is a life path. If you have chosen trading, and I mean really chosen, then it probably will be with you for the rest of your life. And that means that there will always be something to learn, there will always be something new. And this is something that makes the path of a trader even more exciting.

To be honest, I have a feeling that I still don’t know much even after more than 10 years in trading. Yes, I have noticeably moved forward. In our fund, with our team, we are realizing and discovering some really incredible things. Even though I have a feeling I don’t know much about trading. Maybe today I know more about risk management than why markets move the way they do. Maybe today I am capable of developing a larger trading and risk management concept than before, but that doesn’t mean that I have found more certainty in the markets. Trading is still a path without certainties. That’s why it is trading, that’s why it is a speculation. But what is certain these days – it isn’t even a civil servant position anymore.

I have a feeling there is always something to learn. Every day we are amazed by new findings that need new, creative thoughts and ideas to be able to implement them in the right way. Even after 10 years I still read trading books; I learn from other traders and I am finding out newer and newer things.

In trading there is always something to improve.

And that’s how it’s probably always going to be for traders. This is a reason why you need to enjoy trading, why you need to be passionate about it in order to be successful for the long run.

On the other hand, I have to say that you will learn a lot, not only about trading, but also about yourself and life. I am actually surprised myself of what I have learned about myself and life thanks to trading.

Try to approach trading also with an open mind and not only from a logic point of view. That would be a mistake as trading needs logic, heart and creativity.

10 Day Trading Tips to Become a Better Trader

Warren Buffett once said, “The stock market is a device for transferring money from the impatient to the patient”. This applies to both – traders and investors alike. However, if you are an absolute beginner, there is always some room for improvement. We have listed below the 10 best day trading tips that successful traders follow. Learn them mindfully and take note to level up your trading. Moreover, you can also check out the best day trading tips and make money from online trading in Indian stock markets.

This is why rookie traders often look for advice from experts who have carved their names in the industry. Read on to find out what you may require before venturing in this high-risk but ultimately-rewarding industry.

1. Learn from a Professional Trader – Day Trading Tips

It is always better to learn to trade from an expert before you jump directly into the ocean. Try and find out who has a good teaching methodology and carefully choose the one that suits your style. Most of the trainers or masters will definitely charge a fee for the time spared. Don’t you worry! It is no fee. It is called investment.

After all, you are a trader and one day when you have made it big, you may be approached by newbies and you likewise charge them. But most importantly, if you invest into education, you are saving on market tuition from learning the lessons the hard way, on the expense of your account balance.

2. Pay Attention to the Financial News

Want to be the best trader around? Keep a close eye on the world around you especially business news. Stay updated about firms entangled in IP issues, Failed FDA nod, Board reshuffle, International projects, and dismal earnings estimates of the quarter.

Every news related to the firm you are making an investment in makes sense. Back your decision with these inputs. For a smarter decision while trading, keep abreast of every piece of information on your preferred investment firm.

3. Found Your Niche? Ace It!

Nobody can guarantee you a blockbuster return. You make your own choices and decisions and learn from your mistakes. Only you know which strategies or niches worked for you and which don’t. If you really have the zeal to excel in day trading, you need to be right on top of your business.

Once you have found the niche to work upon, become really good at that. Master it and it will enhance your odds of success in the trading manifold.

4. Treat it like a Business!

Have a hobby? Pursue it somewhere else. Making money and day trading is a serious business. You don’t do it for fun so even before you start to trade, you need to settle with the fact that it is a serious, time-consuming business and it will take time to break even. If you want to gamble, Las Vegas might have better odds.

5. Follow the Pros

Julius Caesar once said, “Experience is the teacher of all things”. Trading experts, despite their level of training, have a lot to boast, thanks to experience.

Follow the moves of the pros and find out what are they investing in? When do they buy? When do they sell? For how long do they hold? Try and understand how profit is made. You can learn a great deal from the mistakes they once made and then harness them to your advantage.

6. Have Patience

Rome was not built in a day. It takes time to master any skill and the same goes with stock trading. It can give you the best returns only if you trade wisely. Researchers have shown that those who trade less tend to earn better than the one who trades very frequently.

This is just like stalking your prey and then striking when you have absolute chances of success. Always remember that when you trade in average and not-so-good setups, you lose on good deals and eventually your profits take a hit. Therefore, one crucial day trading tips are that quality matters over quantity.

7. Don’t be Emotional & Follow Day Trading Tips

The world of trading calls that you keep a level mind and remember that if you let your emotions get the better of you while trading, you will most likely lose out on your money. Emotions make you take irrational, impulsive decisions which should never happen.

Frequent errors like letting your losses get out of proportion, adding to a losing position, not making timely withdrawals et cetera are made time and again. People fall into the emotional trap and make unconsidered decisions. And while you cannot help having them, learning to control your emotions will go a long way in positioning you as a shrewd trader. Work on the emotional quotient and you’ll make wiser decisions.

8. Sharing is Caring

Now that you have learned from your mistakes and other’s as well, it is time to share. You must share the experience you had while trading. You can start a blog, a YouTube channel or other medium for reaching out. Furthermore, you can have a comment section for answering the questions of your visitors.

This will not only help others but will certainly keep you disciplined. This habit will make you more accountable and you might think twice before making a trade you know, you should not be making.

9. When There Are No Good Plays, Don’t Trade!

What? Do not be shocked as this is no less a practical tip than the rest. Sometimes it is good that you don’t trade. Trading just for the mere fact is not a smart choice.

Trade only when you see money lying on the floor or the offer is too lucrative to let it go. Take your chances and remember that this is a highly dynamic world so weigh all possible benefits of making a move against sitting back and speculating.

10. Have Confidence

As obvious as it may sound, this is a key component of a refined trader. Whichever trading style you choose, you got to believe in yourself as failure to believe in the efforts you are putting or the decisions you are taking will never make you a winner. I might sound strange but people do not get good returns just because they cannot believe they will. This negative thinking results in negative returns.

Remember! Successful traders were also amateurs and novices when they started out. Their success has come from the hard work and efforts they have put in. Make mistakes and learn from them to continue trading until you start making profits.

As mentioned in the beginning, these day trading tips shared will let you learn some important hacks to improve Your game. Apply these diligently and you are sure to advance in your endeavors.

Principle of “Statistical Arbitrage” Applied on Market Internals

In one of my previous articles I focused on the concept of Market Quality created with the help of Market Internals. In today’s article I will get back to the original topic of Market Internals. I would like to present another interesting concept of their application.

So, what is it about?

One of the generally popular styles of trading is called Statistical Arbitrage (or StatArb). The principle of this trading style is very simple:

1. We take two highly correlated shares; often from the same industry – e.g. PEP and KO.

2. These kinds of shares correlate very closely. Thanks to that, they are occasionally converging and sometimes diverging. These are great opportunities for trading. How?

3. First of all, we calculate the difference between either the prices of both shares, or their ratio.

4. Afterwards, we calculate the “usual” difference or ratio – the so-called MEAN. To do this, we use a simple moving average of the price difference or ratio.

5. Then we look for extremes, i.e. +2 standard deviations (STADEV) and -2 standard deviations from MEAN.

6. If the difference is above +2 STADEV, we sell share A and buy share B; if the difference is under -2 STADEV, then we sell share B and buy share A.

7. We simply speculate on the return of the difference/ratio of price back to its usual MEAN where we exit the trade.

If you look at the shares of KO – PEP. From the first point of view, it is obvious that both shares correlate very closely; they are occasionally converging and sometimes diverging:

The basics of StatArb trading is very simple – we create MEAN from DIFFERENCE or RATIO, we define +2/-2 STADEV, and, once exceeded, we buy and sell simultaneously. This is the reason why StatArb is also called “pairs trading”.

How can we apply this concept on Market Internals?

It’s actually rather simple:

1. Some Market Internals are also “paired”, e.g. UVOL-DVOL or ADVN-DECN.

2. It means we can create DIFFERENCE or RATIO from these pairs and, therefore, we can also create MEAN and +2/-2 STADEV.

3. The only difference is that instead of Market Internals which we can’t trade, we buy or sell the underlying asset.

We can create an example with a pair of UVOL-DVOL:

1. We create the difference for UVOL-DVOL.

2. We calculate MEAN (MovingAverage (DIFFERENCE) ) – the period is entirely up to you.

3. We define +2 STADEV/-2 STADEV.

4. Once +2 STADEV is exceeded; the volume on the market as a whole is in favour of the LONG side. We can use this information to trade any stock index markets (ES, TF, YM, EMD, etc.).

5. Once -2 STADEV is exceeded; the volume on the market as a whole is in favour of the SHORT side. Again, we can use this information to trade any stock index markets.

And now: how can we make use of such information?

Again, there are many possibilities:

1. As a “Master-filter” to enter the trade (on stock index markets).

2. To increase/decrease contracts.

3. To tighten SL.

4. For early exits with part of our positions.

5. Anything creative you can come up with – it is necessary to think and experiment.

The exceeding of standard deviation won’t always mean trend trading. For example, exceeding of +2 STADEV can mean (in certain situations) trend exhaustion and a possibility of correction – i.e. the opportunity for short-term trade against the trend.

There is a need to test each and every system, as there isn’t just one universal use. This concept is possible to use in many other ways.

There are many advanced ways to use this concept but that is a topic for some other time. Today was just a brief introduction so that the more aggressive and advanced traders can continue to work with this idea further.

Happy Trading!

5 Proven Steps To Doing Really Well In Trading

Hi. Have you ever wondered what it takes to do really well in trading or what necessary steps you need to do? I keep receiving these questions quite often. So let me give you my five proven steps. I’ve been doing really well with them in my own trading, so I believe they can help you too.

Step #1: Questions
You may or may not like it, but successful trading is about the ability to come up with new, fresh ideas. Fortunately, it’s not as difficult as it sounds. All you need to do is to keep asking this question: “What happens if… ?” What happens if I buy when the RSI indicator is overbought instead of oversold? What happens if I start moving my stop-loss according to my moving average? By asking the “What happens if… ?” question constantly, you start to move forward really fast and I can guarantee you some of your ideas will be sooner or later really big winners.

Step #2: Robustness testing
Most strategies are crap. That’s the fact. But how do you know which ones aren’t? You can always find it out through extensive robustness testing. What does it mean? In my case it mainly means three things: A) A good strategy can easily adjust to changing market conditions. An extensive walk-forward testing is needed at this stage. B) A good strategy performs reasonably well in other markets. C) A good strategy has been developed only on a part of all your historical data and performs well on the rest. To be very honest with you, about 95% of all my strategies never pass my robustness testing criteria, but when they do, it’s time to move to the next step.

Step #3: Portfolio
One strategy will help you learn, but a portfolio of strategies will help you grow. You don’t need to have a big portfolio at the beginning, but even three strategies are much better than just a single one. Remember, if you want a smooth equity and a steady income from your trading as soon as possible, the only way is through diversification and portfolio. Very few people are aware of this and even fewer spend significant time by modeling different portfolios. I personally spend a lot of time trying to find out the best way to combine my strategies together to make a really good portfolio.

Step #4: Position sizing
Let me ask you a question: Do you want to make it big or do you want to stay small? Because if you want to make it really big, then you need to start seriously thinking about position sizing. This topic can be pretty complex, but it can be also extremely rewarding. So, where do you start? I highly suggest reading Van Tharp’s book “The Definitive Guide to Position Sizing.” You will learn a lot. Personally, it has moved my trading to a whole new level.

Step #5: Persistence
Listen, it can be done. It doesn’t matter what education you have, how old you are, or even how confident you feel at this moment. I’ve seen many people succeed. I’ve seen traders making it from zero to quite a nice living, and that’s why I believe that you can do it too. Yes, it does take some time, effort and learning, but once you’re finally there, it’s all worth it. So, stay persistent and mainly never give up, and that’s really all.

Important Basics To Check When Trading Online Securities

Online securities trading can be very rewarding when done in the right way. When interested in this kind of investment, you would need to select a good trading platform that makes the process easy for you. You are also better off getting a broker to help you with the trading depending on the kind of trader you want to be. There are so many brokers out there, most of which offer free account opening on their platforms so you can start the trading. Whether you are just a beginner in this kind of trading or you are an advanced trader, it is important to make sure that you choose the right platform and brokerage for your trading and below are the most important basics that should matter when making your decision.

Types of securities

It is only wise to begin by finding out what securities, you will be able to trade in on the platform. It is best that you choose one that gives you the chance to trade in all the securities you are interested in currently or maybe interested in the near future. Shares, IPOS, futures, and options are some of the securities you can choose to trade in.

Real time quotes

There are different ways that price quotes can be pulled but if what you get is data that is not really up to date, then you will be doing very little in terms of maximizing your returns. Most web based platforms offer real time data, but Is it important to make sure that is what you really get with your trades. You may need to refresh manually, but the platform should have the right measures in place to offer real time streaming.

Alerts and watch lists

As an active trader, you will find alerts very important to your trading. The watch lists and alerts can depend on different aspects that are likely to have an impact on the trading. You therefore should select a platform that makes it possible for you to customize such alerts via text or email so you can make any decisions related to the trading.

Order execution and timing

A good trading platform should at least make it possible for you to place orders that can be executed at any given time within the trading hours or which remain good unless you cancel them. On platforms that are more advanced, you may be in a position to place limit orders with more variability so you have more control over order timings and also executions.

Kinds of orders

Placing trade orders can differ from one platform to another but you basically can place, trailing stop orders, market on close orders stop loss orders among others. A wider selection of orders could prove to be better for those just starting to get familiar with the online trading. For advanced kind of traders, then a platform that makes it possible to place conditional orders for multiple trades they set up can be great. This way, automatic executions are made possible depending on the specific triggers selected.

Plus500 review offers great insights on why the platform is one of the best you can choose for your trading. Apart from the competitive rates and low spread, the platform offers access to trailing stop orders, buy and sell limit orders and stop loss orders too.